Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

Algeria

With 6 local malaria cases in 2014, Algeria is poised to eliminate malaria in the near future.

Algeria reported 266 malaria cases in 2014, of which 6 were local, and is categorized in the elimination phase by the World Health Organization (WHO). The country has had a historically low case burden, averaging 200 annual cases throughout the 1990s, although importation from neighboring countries has been a constant threat. Between 2013 and 2014, Algeria experienced a 63% decline in local malaria cases. The majority of Algeria’s local cases in 2014 were due to Plasmodium falciparum. Algeria currently does not have any active foci of malaria transmission, although 260 imported malaria cases were reported in 2014. Most malaria cases are reported in the southern region of the country. Algeria is using geographic information systems (GIS) mapping to more effectively identify imported cases of malaria, conduct epidemiological surveys around each positive case, and implement entomological surveillance to prevent onward transmission among the local population. Active case detection, quality assurance for malaria diagnostics, and radical treatment with primaquine have all recently been implemented.

6 # of cases (2014)
Upper middle
Income level

Country briefing

Reported cases
Reported cases

Challenges to elimination