Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)


Azerbaijan achieved zero cases of local transmission of malaria in 2013, meeting its national elimination goal. The country sustained zero local cases in 2014 and 2015 and is now working to achieve malaria-free certification. 

Between 2000 and 2012, nearly all reported malaria cases were due to Plasmodium vivax. There have been no malaria-related deaths or local cases of P. falciparum in several decades. Malaria transmission historically occurred between June and October; transmission foci were mainly located in the marshy lowlands.

Azerbaijan nearly eliminated malaria in the mid-20th century, but this near-success was followed by a resurgence in the late 1960s and early 1970s. After subsequent decades of successfully controlling malaria transmission and containing sporadic outbreaks, Azerbaijan set a national goal in 2008 to eliminate malaria by 2013. Under the National Malaria Elimination Strategy 2008-2013, the Republican Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology--the primary division within the Ministry of Health responsible for the planning and implementation of malaria control measures in Azerbaijan--focused on strengthening its malaria surveillance system and diagnosis capacity, and training health staff in malaria-related planning and epidemic preparedness. These efforts led to the achievement of zero cases of local transmission of malaria in 2013.

0 # of cases (2015)
Elimination goal
Upper middle
Income level
Reported cases
Reported cases
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination