Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

China

China reported 61 cases of local malaria transmission in 2015 and is working to achieve national elimination by 2020.

China has made tremendous progress towards malaria elimination in the past decade and a half. The country achieved a 99.8% decrease in reported malaria cases between 2000 and 2015, from 29,039 cases to 61 local cases. Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum are both major Plasmodium species, though P. vivax is predominant and accounted for 79% of malaria cases in 2015. Malaria has been eliminated from most of the country; the remaining at-risk areas are in Tibet and Yunnan Province in the south where local transmission still occurs.

In light of the substantial decline in malaria incidence, and with financial support from the Global Fund, the national malaria control program in China began implementing a malaria elimination strategy in 2010, with the goal of national elimination by 2020. China receives technical support for elimination as a country partner in the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network (APMEN). In addition, Yunnan Province is a beneficiary of the United States Government’s President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) efforts to halt the spread of artemisinin resistance in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

61 # of cases (2015)
2020
Elimination goal
Upper middle
Income level

Country briefing

Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination