Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic reported 631 cases of local malaria transmission in 2015 and is working to eliminate malaria from Hispaniola by 2020.

The Dominican Republic achieved a 31% decline in reported malaria cases between 2000 and 2015, from 911 reported malaria cases to 631 local cases, and is approaching elimination. Nearly all malaria cases on the island are due to Plasmodium falciparum. Transmission of malaria peaks following the two rainy seasons, with a primary peak from November through January and a second peak from May through July.

Following a reduction in the number of cases between 1999 and 2000, financial support for malaria-control activities from the government decreased between 2002 and 2004. Subsequently, malaria cases reached a peak of 2,461 by 2005 and the government responded by increasing funding for malaria-control activities, including indoor residual spraying. Since 2008, the governments of the Dominican Republic and Haiti, with assistance from the Carter Center, have been actively pursuing the goal of malaria elimination from Hispaniola by 2020. More recently, Malaria Zero partners have been coordinating efforts to build and implement an evidence-based action plan to reach this elimination goal.

631 # of cases (2015)
2020
Elimination goal
Upper middle
Income level
Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination