Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

Honduras

Honduras reported 3,564 malaria cases in 2015 and is working to achieve the regional goal of elimination by 2020.

Honduras achieved a 90% decline in reported malaria cases over the past decade and a half, from 35,125 malaria cases in 2000 to 3,564 cases in 2015--of which 75% of cases were caused by Plasmodium vivax.

Malaria transmission is now concentrated in seven departments, or states, in the northern and northeastern part of the country: Gracias a Dios, Colón, Olancho, El Paraíso, Atlántida, Yoro, and Islas de la Bahía. The southern parts of the country are much less receptive to transmission as a result of semi-desertification and subsequent reduction in breeding sites, driven by deforestation and soil erosion after decades of cattle grazing and crop cultivation. Malaria transmission is unstable and occurs year-round, with most cases reported from May to October during the rainy season.

The Honduras Secretariat of Health (SESAL) has received financial support from the Global Fund for its malaria operations since 2002, and integrated control efforts have focused on reducing transmission in the 48 municipalities with the highest burden of disease. Honduras is a member of the Amazon Malaria Initiative (AMI), a regional program fostering collaboration in malaria prevention and control supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), as well as a participating country of a new regional grant from the Global Fund entitled Elimination of Malaria in Mesoamerica and the Island of Hispaniola (EMMIE). In 2013, the National Malaria Program (NMP) updated its National Strategic Plan for Malaria in accordance with the goals and strategies outlined in the EMMIE grant and is now aiming to achieve the regional goal of malaria elimination by 2020.

3,564 # of cases (2015)
2020
Elimination goal
Lower middle
Income level
Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination