Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

Iran

Iran has made impressive progress in reducing its malaria burden since the early 1990s and has a national goal to eliminate malaria by 2025.

Iran achieved a 94% decrease in local malaria cases between 2000 and 2015, from 12,294 cases to 746. The country has reported only four malaria-related deaths since 2010. Nearly all malaria transmission occurs in the southeastern part of the country, near the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, as well as the border with Pakistan where most imported cases originate. In 2015, 93% of local malaria cases in Iran were due to Plasmodium vivax. Duration of malaria transmission varies throughout Iran, with a three to four month season in the north during the summer months, and a nine month season in the south with peaks in late spring and early autumn.

The vast majority of malaria cases over the past several years have been reported in three southeastern provinces—Hormozgan, Kerman, and Sistan and Baluchestan—all of which lie along or near the border with Pakistan. Socioeconomic conditions and access to health services in these provinces are lower in comparison to the rest of the country, presenting significant challenges for malaria control. In addition, imported cases occur in several provinces throughout Iran, requiring regular surveillance and outbreak preparedness. The national malaria program launched its strategic plan for elimination in 2010, focusing on improved access to early diagnosis and prompt treatment, expanded coverage of integrated vector management, and enhanced surveillance. Through these efforts, Iran aims to eliminate malaria by 2025.

746 # of cases (2015)
2025
Elimination goal
Upper middle
Income level

Country briefing

Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination