Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

Panama

Panama reported  546 cases of local malaria transmission and is working to achieve national malaria elimination by the 2020 regional goal.

Panama achieved a 47% decrease in reported malaria cases between 2000 and 2015, from 1,036 cases to 546 cases. Plasmodium vivax is the predominant malaria parasite and Anopheles albimanus is the primary malaria vector; its larva are salt-tolerant and found in permanent water habitats. Although transmission occurs year-round, there is increased transmission during the May-through-November rainy season. Eighty-seven percent of Panama is below 700 meters in altitude, which allows for year-round vector breeding and transmission.

Panama has a long history of successful malaria control and is targeting endemic regions with quarterly insecticide spraying to mitigate this risk. With continued progress in malaria control, Panama should be able to achieve elimination by the 2020 regional goal.

546 # of cases (2015)
2020
Elimination goal
Upper middle
Income level

Country briefing

Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination