Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

Philippines

The Philippines has achieved an 82% decrease in reported malaria cases since 2000 and has a national goal to eliminate malaria by 2030.

The Philippines is a heavily populated archipelago of more than seven thousand islands and is working to eliminate malaria subnationally, province by province. In 2014, 81 percent of the 4,903 reported cases in the country were due to Plasmodium falciparum and 17 percent were due to P. vivaxP. malariae and P. knowlesi accounted for less than 1 percent of reported cases. Deaths due to malarai have declined by 98 percent since 2000, from 536 to only 10 in 2014. Malaria transmission occurs year-round, but is typically higher during the rainy season, peaking during July through September and declining by October. High-risk groups include forest workers, subsistence farmers, and indigenous peoples. 

The Philippines reoriented its malaria strategy to elimination in 2008, adopting a subnational elimination approach at the provincial level, and by 2011, procedures for assessment and declaration of provincial malaria-free status were formalized. The Philippines is now working to eliminate malaria in an additional 22 provinces by 2020, with a goal of national elimination in all 80 provinces by 2030. Strategies to achieve these goals are outlined in the new National Strategic Plan for the Control and Elimination of Malaria in the Philippines, 2014-2020. The Philippines is a country partner in the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network. 

4,903 # of cases (2014)
2030
Elimination goal
Lower middle
Income level
Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination