Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)


Vietnam has experienced a 90% reduction in reported malaria cases between 2000 and 2014 and is working toward national malaria elimination by 2030.

Malaria morbidity and mortality in Vietnam decreased significantly between 2000 and 2014, with a 90 percent decline in malaria cases and a 96 percent decline in malaria deaths. Transmission is concentrated in the central and southern provinces of the Tay Nguyen highlands, with seasonal peaks between May to June and October to November.

Although sustained vector control and improved diagnostics and treatment have succeeded in reducing the malaria burden in most of Vietnam, malaria continues to pose a threat to communities inhabiting remote forest, forest-fringe, and mountainous regions and affects ethnic minorities, forest workers, and migrants in cross-border areas. Undetected malaria parasites in central Vietnam and antimalarial drug resistance remain barriers to elimination. 

Through the Global Fund Round 7 grant, Vietnam has strengthened its community-based malaria activities and met its goal of 50% incidence reduction in target districts by 2012. Ongoing efforts hae accelerated progress towards malaria elimination: between 2004and 2013, new infections decreased by 300 percent and over two thousand malaria deaths were avoided. Vietnam is a country partner in the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network (APMEN).

27,868 # of cases (2014)
Elimination goal
Lower middle
Income level

Country briefing

Reported cases
Reported cases
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P falciparum transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)
P vivax transmission limit (2010)

Challenges to elimination