Shrinking the Malaria Map

UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria Elimination Initiative (MEI)

China's 1-3-7 approach to malaria elimination surveillance and response

27 May 2014

As malaria programs shift from malaria control to elimination, increased focus on surveillance is crucial to identify and respond to remaining cases. In a new study published in PLOS Medicine, "Communicating and Monitoring Surveillance and Response Activities for Malaria Elimination: China's "1-3-7" Strategy", researchers from the UCSF Global Health Group and country partners from China document China's approach to reporting and responding to identified cases, using a the 1-3-7 approach. The 1-3-7 strategy calls for the rapid reporting of malaria cases within one day, confirmation and case investigation within three days, and a follow-up response within seven days. Especially for low endemic areas, this approach provides a measurable framework for programs to delineate roles and timeframes for efficient surveillance and response as they progress toward elimination.